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Adenosine Kinase Isoforms in the Developing Rat Hippocampus after LiCl/Pilocarpine Status Epilepticus

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    0556130 - FGÚ 2023 RIV CH eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Fábera, Petr - Uttl, Libor - Kubová, Hana - Tsenov, Grygoriy - Mareš, Pavel
    Adenosine Kinase Isoforms in the Developing Rat Hippocampus after LiCl/Pilocarpine Status Epilepticus.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences. Roč. 23, č. 5 (2022), č. článku 2510. E-ISSN 1422-0067
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GA19-11931S; GA MZd(CZ) EF16_025/0007444; GA ČR(CZ) GA18-09296S
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985823
    Klíčová slova: adenosine kinase * isoforms * inhibitor * development * hippocampus * epileptic afterdischarges * rat * LiCl/pilocarpine * status epilepticus
    Obor OECD: Pharmacology and pharmacy
    Impakt faktor: 5.923, rok: 2020
    Způsob publikování: Open access
    https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/23/5/2510

    LiCl/pilocarpine status epilepticus (SE) induced in immature rats leads, after a latent period, to hippocampal hyperexcitability. The excitability may be influenced by adenosine, which exhibits anticonvulsant activity. The concentration of adenosine is regulated by adenosine kinase (ADK) present in two isoforms-ADK-L and ADK-S. The main goal of the study is to elucidate the changes in ADK isoform expression after LiCl/pilocarpine SE and whether potential changes, as well as inhibition of ADK by 5-iodotubercidin (5-ITU), may contribute to changes in hippocampal excitability during brain development. LiCl/pilocarpine SE was elicited in 12-day-old rats. Hippocampal excitability in immature rats was studied by the model of hippocampal afterdischarges (ADs), in which we demonstrated the potential inhibitory effect of 5-ITU. ADs demonstrated significantly decreased hippocampal excitability 3 days after SE induction, whereas significant hyperexcitability after 20 days compared to controls was shown. 5-ITU administration showed its inhibitory effect on the ADs in 32-day-old SE rats compared to SE rats without 5-ITU. Moreover, both ADK isoforms were examined in the immature rat hippocampus. The ADK-L isoform demonstrated significantly decreased expression in 12-day-old SE rats compared to the appropriate naive rats, whereas increased ADK-S isoform expression was revealed. A decreasing ADK-L/-S ratio showed the declining dominance of ADK-L isoform during early brain development. LiCl/pilocarpine SE increased the excitability of the hippocampus 20 days after SE induction. The ADK inhibitor 5-ITU exhibited anticonvulsant activity at the same age. Age-related differences in hippocampal excitability after SE might correspond to the development of ADK isoform levels in the hippocampus.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0330483

     
     
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