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Vásquez’s Anselmian Response to Wycliffian Deterministic Arguments

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    0504699 - FLÚ 2020 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Dvořák, Petr
    Vásquez’s Anselmian Response to Wycliffian Deterministic Arguments.
    American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly. Roč. 93, č. 2 (2019), s. 251-270. ISSN 1051-3558
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GB14-37038G
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985955
    Klíčová slova: determinism * free will * divine foreknowledge * scholasticism
    Kód oboru RIV: AA - Filosofie a náboženství
    Obor OECD: Philosophy, History and Philosophy of science and technology

    Gabriel Vasquez (1549-1604) discusses two deterministic arguments ascribed to John Wyclif. He appeals to the Anselmian solution based on the distinction between two types of necessity: antecedent and subsequent necessity. Unlike the former, the latter necessity does not destroy future event’s contingency, which is required if it is to result from a free choice. The paper discusses the Aristotelian objection according to which a statement describing some contingent future event is either without truth-value, and thus antecedently contingent but not (broadly) subsequently necessary at present, or it has a truth-value, but then it is not merely (broadly) subsequently necessary but also antecedently necessary. The Anselmian temporal ontology is such that no absolute present parameter is to be included in the evaluation of modal tensed statements. This recognition disposes of modal notions tied to the absolute temporal qualification of statements and thus undercuts the objection.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0296299