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A curious trajectory of interrace relations: the transformation of cosmopolitan Malay port polities into the multiethnic divisions of modern Malaysia

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    0490050 - OÚ 2019 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Petrů, Tomáš
    A curious trajectory of interrace relations: the transformation of cosmopolitan Malay port polities into the multiethnic divisions of modern Malaysia.
    Asian Ethnicity. Roč. 19, č. 1 (2018), s. 59-80. ISSN 1463-1369
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:68378009
    Klíčová slova: acculturation * bumiputera * ethnic paradigm * ethnicization * ethnonationalism * flexible ethnicity * Islamization * mestizo culture * Peranakan * racialization
    Kód oboru RIV: AC - Archeologie, antropologie, etnologie
    Obor OECD: Antropology, ethnology
    Způsob publikování: Omezený přístup

    This article aims to examine several interrelated issues pertaining to the historical development of pluralism in areas forming today´s Malaysia. Firstly, it intends to analyze the transformation of the formerly cosmopolitan populations of Malay port polities into the highly ‘racialized’ society of modern Malaysia. It also seeks to clarify the roots of ethnicity-based issues and relations in the country. Lastly, it attempts to challenge the very concept of Malaysia as a society primarily consisting of three ethnic pillars, dominated by the Malays, and ‘complemented’ by the Chinese and the Indians. I argue that the main driving force behind these tensions is the segregational colonial policies and the postcolonial arrangements of the Malay ethnocentrist governments, rather than ethnic and cultural factors as the ruling politicians tend to stress. I also contend that religious issues, especially those stemming from the dakwah movement, are gradually becoming an increasingly important factor in interrace strife.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0292893

     
     
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