Počet záznamů: 1
Aurignacian in Moravia. New geochronological, lithic and settlement data
- 1.0484261 - ARUB-Q 2018 RIV CZ eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
Demidenko, Y. E. - Škrdla, Petr - Nejman, L.
Aurignacian in Moravia. New geochronological, lithic and settlement data.
Památky archeologické. Roč. 108, prosinec (2017), s. 5-38. ISSN 0031-0506
Grant CEP: GA AV ČR IAA800010801; GA ČR GA15-19170S
Klíčová slova: Central Europe * Moravia * in situ new sites * Middle and Evolved Aurignacian * settlement pattern peculiarities
Kód oboru RIV: AC - Archeologie, antropologie, etnologie
Obor OECD: Archaeology
Moravia has always been well-known for its rich Aurignacian record, but this record was mainly based on artifacts from surface find spots with very few in situ sites so industrial homogeneity of the assemblages was often questioned and the proposed ideas and hypotheses regarding the Moravian Aurignacian were often treated with scepticism. Until the end of last century there were only four known stratified and dated Aurignacian sites in Moravia: Mladeč caves, Stránská skála open-air site complex, Vedrovice Ia and Milovice I. At the beginning of the XXI century one of us (P. Š.) has found and excavated three more Aurignacian sites in Moravia - Líšeň I / Líšeň - Čtvrtě, Líšeň VIII / Líšeň - Nad výhonem and Napajedla III / Napajedla - Zámoraví. These discoveries almost doubled the number of in situ, dated sites for the Moravian Aurignacian. Our study of the new sites and their finds, as well as some more considerations of the previously obtained Aurignacian data, allow us to say that the Moravian Aurignacian geochronologically postdates the HE–4 / CI eruption interval dating to the GI-8–GI-5 period with absolute dates ranging from ca. 37–36 ka to 33–32 ka cal BP. The Aurignacian artifact assemblages are grouped into Aurignacian II / Middle Aurignacian industry and the newly defined Evolved Aurignacian industry type with Góra Puławska II-type microliths. Also, detailed artifact analyses point out significant variability in site activity areas around Stránská skála and Líšeň chert outcrops for the latter Evolved Aurignacian. At the same time, the new Aurignacian II / Middle Aurignacian Moravian data also open new possibilities for a better understanding of this rather rare 'transitional' industry between Aurignacian I / Early Aurignacian and Evolved Aurignacian in Europe.
Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0279481