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The importance of on-site evaluation for placing renewable energy in the landscape: A case study of the Búrfell wind farm (Iceland)

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    0482683 - ÚGN 2018 RIV CZ eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Frantál, Bohumil - Bevk, T. - van Veelen, B. - Hărmănescu, M. - Benediktsson, K.
    The importance of on-site evaluation for placing renewable energy in the landscape: A case study of the Búrfell wind farm (Iceland).
    Moravian Geographical Reports. Roč. 25, č. 4 (2017), s. 234-247. ISSN 1210-8812. E-ISSN 1210-8812
    Grant CEP: GA ČR GA16-04483S
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:68145535
    Klíčová slova: wind energy * landscape perception * Iceland
    Obor OECD: Environmental sciences (social aspects)
    Impakt faktor: 1.435, rok: 2017

    Using a case study of the Búrfell Wind Farm project, a large wind farm proposed in the Central Highlands of Iceland, the authors attempt to provide new insights into the factors shaping subjective landscape perceptions and attitudes to renewable energy developments, and into alternative methods that may be used for their assessment. The research was based on an on-site visit and actual experience of the place, investigated using a combination of mental mapping, the technique of the semantic differential and a questionnaire survey. The results show that participants visiting a landscape and using all sensory organs in combination with mental mapping, can reveal more important information than using only ‘laboratory’ methods with static photographs. The results suggest that the perception of landscape is highly subjective. Those perceiving the landscape as more open, homogenous, industrial, unfamiliar and resilient also consider it more compatible with wind turbines. The perception of the landscape’s compatibility with wind turbines proved to be a dominant factor shaping attitudes towards the project. The acceptance of wind turbines is not, however, inconsistent with the perception of landscape as beautiful, wild and unique. Participants from more densely populated countries and countries with a developed wind energy industry were more tolerant of wind turbines in the Icelandic landscape.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0278096

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