Počet záznamů: 1  

Flow and turbulence control in a boundary layer wind tunnel using passive hardware devices

  1. 1. 0477184 - UTAM-F 2018 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Kuznetsov, Sergeii - Ribičić, Mihael - Pospíšil, Stanislav - Plut, Mihael - Trush, Arsenii - Kozmar, H.
    Flow and turbulence control in a boundary layer wind tunnel using passive hardware devices.
    Experimental Techniques. Roč. 41, č. 6 (2017), s. 643-661 ISSN 0732-8818
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-12892S; GA MŠk(CZ) LO1219
    Klíčová slova: turbulent flow * atmospheric boundary layer * wind-tunnel simulation * castellated barrier wall * Counihan vortex generators * surface roughness elements * hot-wire measurements
    Kód oboru RIV: JM - Inženýrské stavitelství
    Obor OECD: Construction engineering, Municipal and structural engineering
    Impakt faktor: 0.806, rok: 2017

    The Climatic Wind Tunnel (CWT) is a new experimental facility of the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ITAM) in Prague, Czech Republic. It is uniquely able to replicate precipitation and freezing effects on structural models in the climatic test section, and simultaneously perform aerodynamic and aeroelastic tests on structural models in the aerodynamic test section. Extensive measurements are carried out to investigate airflow and turbulence characteristics in the empty aerodynamic test section. Capability to experimentally simulate the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) is studied using castellated barrier wall, Counihan vortex generators, and surface roughness elements. An individual influence of each of these passive hardware devices is separately tested as well, as they are commonly used combined, and their individual contributions to the ABL model characteristics are not well known. The analysis is based on hot-wire anemometer measurements carried out at various cross sections in the aerodynamic test section of the CWT. Experimental results are reported as mean velocity and turbulence intensity fields for the empty aerodynamic test section without passive hardware devices. Vertical profiles of mean velocity, turbulence intensity, and turbulence length scales, as well as power spectral density of velocity fluctuations, are reported for the ABL small-scale model. The barrier is observed to cause a decrease in flow velocity and an increase in turbulence close to surface. Vortex generators enhance turbulence throughout the entire height range under scope. Increased turbulence and decreased flow velocity are particularly exhibited close to surface due to surface roughness. Influence of each of the studied passive hardware devices on flow and turbulence is quantified in a dimensionless form to allow for separately accounting for their effects.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0273557