Počet záznamů: 1  

Seasonal variation and distribution of total and active microbial community of beta-glucosidase encoding genes in coniferous forest soil

  1. 1.
    0474445 - MBU-M 2018 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Pathan, S.I. - Žifčáková, Lucia - Ceccherini, M.T. - Pantani, O.L. - Větrovský, Tomáš - Baldrian, Petr
    Seasonal variation and distribution of total and active microbial community of beta-glucosidase encoding genes in coniferous forest soil.
    Soil Biology and Biochemistry. Roč. 105, February (2017), s. 71-80. ISSN 0038-0717
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-08916S
    Grant ostatní:Transbiodiverse(CZ) 7. RP Marie Curie ITN FP7/2007e2013 project 289949
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:61388971
    Klíčová slova: Beta-Glucosidases * Forest soil * Bacteria
    Kód oboru RIV: EE - Mikrobiologie, virologie
    Obor OECD: Microbiology
    Impakt faktor: 4.926, rok: 2017

    Cellulose is the most abundant polysaccharide in the dead plant biomass, and its degradation is an important part of global carbon cycle. Beta-Glucosidases complete the final step of cellulose hydrolysis by converting cellobiose to glucose. Genetic potential and expression of Beta-glucosidase genes were studied in the topsoil of a Picea abies forest in two contrasting seasons. These seasons were the summer, representing the peak of plant photosynthetic activity, and late winter, after an extended period with no photosynthate input. Fungal and bacterial beta-glucosidase genes belonging to glycoside hydrolase families GH1 and GH3 amplified from DNA and RNA and amplicon pools were analyzed. Transcript pool were largely corresponded to gene pools, although some abundant transcripts were not found in the gene pool. The major reservoirs of Beta-glucosidase genes were the fungal phylum Ascomycota and Basidiomycota and the bacterial phyla Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria Acidobacteria and Deinococcus-Thermus. This indicates that a diverse microbial community utilized cellobiose. Seasonality influenced both genetic diversity of Beta-glucosidase genes and their expression. The results indicate that a complex community of bacteria and fungi expresses beta-glucosidases in forest soils. Even Beta-glucosidase genes showing low abundance in DNA may be functionally important as revealed by their high expression especially in basidiomycota. The functional diversity in the studied ecosystem clearly exhibited a seasonal pattern.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0271497