Počet záznamů: 1  

The wood of Merovingian weaponry

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    0473256 - ÚVGZ 2017 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Tegel, W. - Muigg, B. - Büntgen, Ulf
    The wood of Merovingian weaponry.
    Journal of Archaeological Science. Roč. 65, JAN (2016), s. 148-153. ISSN 0305-4403. E-ISSN 1095-9238
    Grant CEP: GA MŠMT(CZ) EE2.3.20.0248
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67179843
    Klíčová slova: Early Middle Ages * Merovingian weaponry * Mineralised wood * Wood anatomy
    Kód oboru RIV: EH - Ekologie - společenstva
    Impakt faktor: 2.602, rok: 2016

    After metal, wood was the second most important material for weapon production in early medieval Europe. The weaponry of Merovingian warriors consisted of a double-edged long sword (spatha), a single-edged short sword (seax), a shield, a spear, an axe, as well as a bow and arrows. Belowground organic material remains have often been preserved through mineralisation processes over centuries to millennia. Although these objects are frequently found as grave goods in burials, systematic material identification is still missing. Here, we present wood anatomical features of 316 weapons from 42 cemeteries of the Merovingian Dynasty in northeastern France. The most commonly used wood for weapons was ash (Fraxinus excelsior), followed by alder (Alms sp.) and hazel (Corylus avellana). While guaranteeing optimum quality and utility, these taxa were mostly considered for spears, arrows, spatha scabbards and shields. Density and mechanical properties further influenced wood selection. An attractive appearance of representative weaponry also affected species preference. At the same time, wood choice rooted in tradition, as knowledge transfer persisted over many centuries and cultures.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0270420

     
     
Počet záznamů: 1  

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