Počet záznamů: 1  

Realising consilience: How better communication between archaeologists, historians and natural scientists can transform the study of past climate change in the Mediterranean

  1. 1.
    0473254 - ÚVGZ 2017 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Izdebski, A. - Holmgren, K. - Weiberg, E. - Stocker, S. R. - Büntgen, Ulf - Florenzano, A. - Gogou, A. - Leroy, S. A. G. - Luterbacher, J. - Martrat, B. - Masi, A. - Mercuri, A. M. - Montagna, P. - Sadori, L. - Schneider, A. - Sicre, M. A. - Triantaphyllou, M. - Xoplaki, E.
    Realising consilience: How better communication between archaeologists, historians and natural scientists can transform the study of past climate change in the Mediterranean.
    Quaternary Science Reviews. Roč. 136, SI (2016), s. 5-22. ISSN 0277-3791. E-ISSN 1873-457X
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67179843
    Klíčová slova: environmental history * land-use * cultural landscape * eastern anatolia * plant landscape * soil-erosion * human impact * collapse * holocene * roman * Archaeology * Climate change * Consilience * History * Interdisciplinary collaboration * Mediterranean * Natural sciences * Palaeoecology
    Kód oboru RIV: EH - Ekologie - společenstva
    Impakt faktor: 4.797, rok: 2016

    This paper reviews the methodological and practical issues relevant to the ways in which natural scientists, historians and archaeologists may collaborate in the study of past climatic changes in the Mediterranean basin. We begin by discussing the methodologies of these three disciplines in the context of the consilience debate, that is, attempts to unify different research methodologies that address similar problems. We demonstrate that there are a number of similarities in the fundamental methodology between history, archaeology, and the natural sciences that deal with the past ("palaeoenvironmental sciences"), due to their common interest in studying societal and environmental phenomena that no longer exist. The three research traditions, for instance, employ specific narrative structures as a means of communicating research results. We thus present and compare the narratives characteristic of each discipline; in order to engage in fruitful interdisciplinary exchange, we must first understand how each deals with the societal impacts of climatic change. In the second part of the paper, we focus our discussion on the four major practical issues that hinder communication between the three disciplines. These include terminological misunderstandings, problems relevant to project design, divergences in publication cultures, and differing views on the impact of research. Among other recommendations, we suggest that scholars from the three disciplines should aim to create a joint publication culture, which should also appeal to a wider public, both inside and outside of academia. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0270418

     
     
Počet záznamů: 1  

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