Počet záznamů: 1  

Assessment of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated activities of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a human cell-based reporter gene assay

  1. 1. 0471935 - BFU-R 2017 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Vondráček, Jan - Pěnčíková, K. - Neca, J. - Ciganek, M. - Grycová, A. - Dvořák, Z. - Machala, M.
    Assessment of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated activities of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a human cell-based reporter gene assay.
    Environmental Pollution. Roč. 220, JAN2017 (2017), s. 307-316 ISSN 0269-7491
    Grant CEP: GA ČR GA13-07711S
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:68081707
    Klíčová slova: rat primary hepatocytes * liver epithelial-cells * cancer-risk assessment
    Kód oboru RIV: BO - Biofyzika
    Impakt faktor: 4.358, rok: 2017

    Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-mediated activity is one of key events in toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Although various classes of AhR ligands may differentially activate human and rodent AhR, there is presently a lack of data on the human AhR-inducing relative potencies (REPS) of PAHs. Here, we focused on estimation of the AhR-mediated activities of a large set of environmental PAHs in human gene reporter AZ-AhR cell line, with an aim to develop the human AhR-based REP values with potential implications for risk assessment of PAHs. The previously identified weakly active PAHs mostly failed to activate the AhR in human cells. The order for REPs of individual PAHs in human cells largely corresponded with the available data from rodent-based experimental systems; nevertheless, we identified differences up to one order of magnitude in REP values of PAHs between human and rodent cells. Higher REP values were found in human cells for some important environmental contaminants or suspected carcinogens, such as indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene, benz[a]anthracene or benzo[b]fluoranthene, while lower REP values were determined for methyl-substituted PAHs. Our results also indicate that a different rate of metabolism for individual PAHs in human vs. rodent cells may affect estimation of REP values in human cell-based assay, and potentially alter toxicity of some compounds, such as benzofluoranthenes, in humans. We applied the AZ-AhR assay to evaluation of the AhR-mediated activity of complex mixtures of organic compounds associated with diesel exhaust particles, and we identified the polar compounds present in these mixtures as being particularly highly active in human cells, as compared with rodent cells.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0269297