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Trends in the balance and material flows of phosphorus in the Czech Republic.

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    0467596 - BC 2017 RIV CZ eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Hejzlar, Josef - Vystavna, Yuliya - Kopáček, Jiří
    Trends in the balance and material flows of phosphorus in the Czech Republic.
    Waste Forum. Roč. 2016, č. 4 (2016), s. 225-233. ISSN 1804-0195
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GA15-04034S
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:60077344
    Klíčová slova: phosphorus cycle * material flow analysis * nutrient use efficiency * agricultural
    Kód oboru RIV: DJ - Znečištění a kontrola vody
    http://www.wasteforum.cz/cisla/WF_4_2016.pdf

    In developed countries, recycling of phosphorus (P) is an important issue as P is a strategic raw material for agriculture and other production sectors. But, P is also causing environmental problems, for example eutrophication of surface waters and change in nutrients balance. Using the methodology of material flow analysis, main flows and stocks of P were quantified in the Czech Republic (CR) during 1961–2010. The P balance in the CR depends on the P import in mineral fertilizers (1 kg/(ca·yr)) and food and feed (1.5 kg/(ca·yr)). Significant P losses to the CR environment represent an untapped potential for recycling. For example, municipal sludge (0.4 kg/(ca·yr)) and bone meal (0.25 kg/(ca·yr)) could replace 70 % of P in applied mineral fertilizers. The CR recycling rate of P (68 % in livestock production, 21 % in food production, 10 % in human consumption) is below the European (EU-27) average. The present CR agricultural production still benefits from soil P reserves resulting from the previous application of high doses of mineral fertilizers prior to the 1990s.

    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0265670

     
     
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