Počet záznamů: 1  

Experimental investigation of acoustic emissions and their moment tensors in rock during failure

  1. 1. 0430243 - GFU-E 2015 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Aker, E. - Kühn, D. - Vavryčuk, Václav - Soldal, M. - Oye, V.
    Experimental investigation of acoustic emissions and their moment tensors in rock during failure.
    International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. Roč. 70, September (2014), s. 286-295. ISSN 1365-1609
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GAP210/12/1491
    GRANT EU: European Commission(XE) 230669 - AIM
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985530
    Klíčová slova: acoustic emissions * focal mechanisms * moment tensors * rock fracturing * hoop stresses * laboratory experiment
    Kód oboru RIV: DC - Seismologie, vulkanologie a struktura Země
    Impakt faktor: 1.686, rok: 2014

    We study acoustic emissions (AEs) associated with shear and tensile failures around a horizontal borehole in a sandstone sample subjected to triaxial stress. The aim is to relate the AE event rate to macroscopic observations of sample deformation and the percentage of isotropic and deviatoric components of the seismic moment tensors to the expected failure mechanisms. The horizontal hole interferes with the applied load and forms a strongly spatially dependent anisotropic stress fi eld, focusing the crack initiation into both shear and tensile failures. The recorded AEs follows reasonably well existing damage models, but the elastic solution of hoop stress does not represent the onset of failure around the borehole. The focal mechanisms correlate with the orientation of macroscopic fractures in the sample. Events close to the borehole show a higher fraction of isotropic percentage in moment tensors compared to events occurring in the macroscopic fracture featuring higher double-couple percentages.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0235136