Počet záznamů: 1  

Ensemble estimates reveal a complex hydroclimatic sensitivity of pine growth at Carpathian cliff sites

  1. 1.
    0384015 - ÚVGZ 2013 RIV NL eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Büntgen, U. - Kaczka, R. J. - Trnka, Miroslav - Rigling, A.
    Ensemble estimates reveal a complex hydroclimatic sensitivity of pine growth at Carpathian cliff sites.
    Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. Roč. 160, July 2012 (2012), s. 100-109. ISSN 0168-1923. E-ISSN 1873-2240
    Grant CEP: GA MŠMT(CZ) ED1.1.00/02.0073; GA MŠMT(CZ) EE2.4.31.0056
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67179843
    Klíčová slova: climate variability * dendroclimatology * dendroecology * drought * Tatra Mountains * Tree rings
    Kód oboru RIV: EH - Ekologie - společenstva
    Impakt faktor: 3.421, rok: 2012

    Carpathian pine growth at its natural range limit, where small hydroclimatic fluctuations are indicated by tree-ring width anomalies, may provide insight into past ecological responses to climatic changes. Tree-ring chronologies from extreme cliff sites may also contain annually resolved and accurately dated information to facilitate the development of palaeoclimatic reconstructions. Complex and spatiotemporally inconsistent relationships between biotic and abiotic factors, however, often complicate our understanding of forest growth dynamics. In this study, we utilized a novel ensemble approach of 3240 growth-climate interactions to evaluate the likelihood of temporal fluctuations in the hydroclimatic sensitivity of three newly developed tree-ring width chronologies from 515 Scots pines (Pinus sylvestris). The data represent undisturbed cliff habitats across the northwestern Carpathian arc between 700 and 1050 m asl. These sites are located in the northern (N) and southern (S) Tatra Mountains and in-between (M). Two sites (N, S) share common interannual to multi-decadal ring width variability (r = 0.73), and they significantly capture variations in 20th-century summer drought conditions (r = 0.52-0.65). Temporal instability in the growth-climate response, however, occurred in all three tree-ring chronologies, thus challenging any possible palaeoclimatic value. Orographic-induced climatology was found to dominate the observed growth-climate inconsistency, whereas age-related physiological mechanisms and differences in the absolute growth levels of the trees, as well as methodological standardization constraints and seasonal climate differences appeared to be less important. Our results suggest that environmental and ecological site criteria should be routinely supplemented by statistical data assessments prior to employing tree-ring chronologies for climate reconstructions. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0213780

     
     
Počet záznamů: 1  

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