Počet záznamů: 1  

On the Interplay between Sedimentation and Phase Separation Phenomena in Two-Dimensional Colloidal Fluids

  1. 1. 0375817 - UCHP-M 2012 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Archer, J.A. - Malijevský, Alexandr
    On the Interplay between Sedimentation and Phase Separation Phenomena in Two-Dimensional Colloidal Fluids.
    Molecular Physics. Roč. 109, 7-10 SI (2011), s. 1087-1099. ISSN 0026-8976
    Grant CEP: GA AV ČR IAA400720710
    Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z40720504
    Klíčová slova: colloids * sedimentation * phase transitions
    Kód oboru RIV: CF - Fyzikální chemie a teoretická chemie
    Impakt faktor: 1.819, rok: 2011

    Colloidal particles that are confined to an interface effectively form a two-dimensional fluid. We examine the dynamics of such colloids when they are subject to a constant external force, which drives them in a particular direction over the surface. Such a situation occurs, for example, for colloidal particles that have settled to the bottom of their container, when the container is tilted at an angle, so that they sediment to the lower edge of the surface. We focus in particular on the case when there are attractive forces between the colloids which causes them to phase separate into regions of high density and low density and we study the influence of this phase separation on the sedimentation process. We model the colloids as Brownian particles and use both Brownian dynamics computer simulations and dynamical density functional theory (DDFT) to obtain the time evolution of the ensemble average one-body density profiles of the colloids. We consider situations where the external potential varies only in one direction so that the ensemble average density profiles vary only in this direction. We solve the DDFT in one-dimension, by assuming that the density profile only varies in one direction. However, we also solve the DDFT in two dimensions, allowing the fluid density profile to vary in both the x- and y-directions. We find that in certain situations the two-dimensional DDFT is clearly superior to its one-dimensional counterpart when compared with the simulations and we discuss this issue
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0208377