Počet záznamů: 1  

Changes of cooperativity between N-methylscopolamine and allosteric modulators alcuronium and gallamine induced by mutations of external loops of muscarinic M(3) receptors

  1. 1.
    0142190 - FGU-C 20010245 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Krejčí, Alena - Tuček, Stanislav
    Changes of cooperativity between N-methylscopolamine and allosteric modulators alcuronium and gallamine induced by mutations of external loops of muscarinic M(3) receptors.
    Molecular Pharmacology. Roč. 60, č. 4 (2001), s. 761-767. ISSN 0026-895X
    Grant CEP: GA ČR GA309/99/0214
    Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z5011922
    Klíčová slova: muscarinic receptors * allosteric modulators
    Kód oboru RIV: FH - Neurologie, neurochirurgie, neurovědy
    Impakt faktor: 5.297, rok: 2001

    To clarify the involvement of specific domains of muscarinic receptors in the action of allosteric modulators, muscarinic M3 receptors (on which allosteric interactions are weak) were genetically modified to become more similar to M2 receptors (on which allosteric interactions are strong) and expressed in COS-7 cells. Affinity for allosteric modulator gallamine was 25-50x enhanced by modifications of the third external loop (o3) and the negative effect of gallamine on the affinity for classical antagonist N-[3H]methylscopolamine ([3H]NMS) was augmented. Affinity for alcuronium became 3 fold higher after the o3 loop of M3 receptors was made identical with the o3 loop of M2 receptors, and alcuronium acquired positive influence on the affinity for [3H]NMS. This is the first instance of inducing positive cooperativity on muscarinic receptors by genetic manipulation. Transferring whole o2 loop from M2 to M3 receptors substantially enhanced affinities for gallamine and alcuronium without augmenting their negative action on [3H]NMS binding. In contrast, effects of simple adding two negative charges into the o2 loop of M3 receptors were small. Removal of Arg from o1 loop abolished the negative effect of gallamine but not of alcuronium on [3H]NMS binding at equilibrium. Data point to an important role of o3 loop in the mechanism of the positive and negative cooperativity between [3H]NMS and alcuronium and gallamine, respectively, and in the binding of both modulators to M2 receptors, and reveal independence between mutation-induced changes in the affinity for a modulator and in the magnitude and direction of the allosteric effect of the modulator.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0039897