Počet záznamů: 1

Contrasting local and regional Holocene histories of Abies alba in the Czech Republic in relation to human impact. Evidence from forestry, pollen and anthracological data

  1. 1.
    0365628 - ARU-G 2012 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Kozáková, Radka - Šamonil, P. - Kuneš, P. - Novák, J. - Kočár, P. - Kočárová, R.
    Contrasting local and regional Holocene histories of Abies alba in the Czech Republic in relation to human impact. Evidence from forestry, pollen and anthracological data.
    Holocene. Roč. 21, č. 3 (2011), s. 431-444 ISSN 0959-6836
    Grant CEP: GA AV ČR IAAX00020701
    Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z80020508
    Klíčová slova: Abies alba * charcoal analysis * forest management * human impact * Medieval * pollen analysis
    Kód oboru RIV: EF - Botanika
    Impakt faktor: 2.595, rok: 2011
    http://hol.sagepub.com/content/21/3/431

    After the last glaciation, around 4000 BC, silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) spread to the area that is now the Czech Republic. This spread was not restricted to high mountains, but also took place across both highland and lowland landscapes. Historical forestry records from around AD 1500 mention a massive expansion of Abies alba, favoured by forest pasturing, litter raking and selective tree cutting. According to the current interpretation of these historical records, this expansion in Czech forests was extensive and lasted until AD 1800. On the other hand, pollen data coming mostly from the Alps consider silver fir as a species that is extremely sensitive to human impact. In this paper, we compare historical forestry reports with pollen and charcoal data from the Czech Republic. Both pollen and charcoal records show that Abies alba reached its maximum during the Bronze (2200–800/750 BC) and Iron Ages (800/750 BC–AD 0).
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0200823