Počet záznamů: 1

West-to-east differences of Babesia canis canis prevalence in Dermacentor reticulatus ticks in Slovakia

  1. 1.
    0364179 - UBO-W 2012 RIV NL eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Kubelová, M. - Tkadlec, Emil - Bednář, M. - Roubalová, Eva - Široký, P.
    West-to-east differences of Babesia canis canis prevalence in Dermacentor reticulatus ticks in Slovakia.
    Veterinary Parasitology. Roč. 180, 3-4 (2011), s. 191-196 ISSN 0304-4017
    Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z60930519; CEZ:AV0Z60220518
    Klíčová slova: Babesia canis * Slovakia * Vector-borne disease * Natural focus * PCR-RFLP
    Kód oboru RIV: GJ - Choroby a škůdci zvířat, veterinární medicína
    Impakt faktor: 2.579, rok: 2011

    Babesia canis canis is the most frequent causative agent of canine babesiosis in Central Europe, frequently causing severe disease. Recently, many new endemic foci of this disease have been reported from European countries. Growing incidence of canine babesiosis was recorded also in Slovakia during the last decade, from first cases in eastern Slovakia ten years ago to recent cases all over the south of the country. We have used nested PCR-RFLP method to study prevalence of B. c. canis in its natural tick vector Dermacentor reticulatus, collected at three geographically isolated lowland areas of southern Slovakia situated in the southeast, southwest, and west of Slovakia, respectively. The highest prevalence of B. c. canis was observed in D. reticulatus from eastern Slovakia (14.7%; n = 327), whereas the prevalence in southwest was significantly lower (2.3%; n = 1205). Notably, all 874 D. reticulatus ticks collected at Záhorská níˇzina lowland (W Slovakia) were B. c. canis-negative. Recorded differences in Babesia prevalence concurs well with the shift in incidence of clinical cases of canine babesiosis as observed by vet practitioners. Presented results revealed that eastern Slovakia represents an area of high risk of B. c. canis infection, whereas western areas of the country still remain Babesia canis-free.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0199728