Počet záznamů: 1

Chinese tombs oriented by a compass: evidence from paleomagnetic changes versus the age of tombs

  1. 1.
    0357483 - GFU-E 2013 RIV CZ eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Charvátová, Ivanka - Klokočník, Jaroslav - Kolmaš, J. - Kostelecký, J.
    Chinese tombs oriented by a compass: evidence from paleomagnetic changes versus the age of tombs.
    Studia geophysica et geodaetica. Roč. 55, č. 1 (2011), s. 159-174 ISSN 0039-3169
    Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z30120515; CEZ:AV0Z10030501
    Klíčová slova: Chinese tombs * magnetic compass * paleomagnetic declination * Fuson hypothesis
    Kód oboru RIV: DE - Zemský magnetismus, geodézie, geografie
    Impakt faktor: 0.700, rok: 2011

    Extant written records indicate that knowledge of an ancient type of compass in China is very old - dating back to before the Han dynasty to at least the 4th century BC. Geomancy was practised for a long time and had a profound influence on the face of China's landscape and city plans. The tombs (pyramids) near the former Chinese capital citis of Xi'an and Luoyang show strong spatial orientations, sometimes along a basic South-North axis but usually with deviations of several degrees to the East or West. The use of the compass means that the needle was directed towards the actual magnetic pole at the time of construction, or last recontruction, of the respective tomb. However the magnetic pole, relative to the nearly "fixed" geographic pole, shifts significantly over time.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0195751