Počet záznamů: 1  

Analysis of brood sex ratios: implications of offspring clustering

  1. 1.
    SYSNO ASEP0164160
    Druh ASEPJ - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Zařazení RIVJ - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Poddruh JOstatní články
    NázevAnalysis of brood sex ratios: implications of offspring clustering
    Tvůrce(i) Krackow, S. (CH)
    Tkadlec, Emil (UBO-W) RID
    Zdroj.dok.Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology - ISSN 0340-5443
    Roc. 50, č. 4 (2001), s. 293-301
    Poč.str.9 s.
    Jazyk dok.eng - angličtina
    Země vyd.DE - Německo
    Klíč. slovageneralized linear mixed models ; random coefficients ; multilevel analysis
    Vědní obor RIVEG - Zoologie
    CEPGA524/01/1316 GA ČR - Grantová agentura ČR
    CEZAV0Z6093917 - UBO-W
    AnotaceGeneralized linear models (GLMs) are increasingly used in modern statistical analyses of sex ratio variation because they are able to determine variable design effects on binary response data. However, in applying GLMs, authors frequently neglect the hierarchical structure of sex ratio data, thereby increasing the likelihood of committing 'type I' error. Here, we argue that whenever clustered (e.g., brood) sex ratios represent the desired level of statistical inference, the clustered data structure ought to be taken into account to avoid invalid conclusions. Neglecting the between-cluster variation and the finite number of clusters in determining test statistics, as implied by using likelihood ratio-based chi (2)-statistics in conventional GLM, results in biased (usually overestimated) test statistics and pseudoreplication of the sample. Random variation in the sex ratio between clusters (broods) can often be accommodated by scaling residual binomial (error) variance for overdispersion, and using F-tests instead of chi (2)-tests. More complex situations, however, require the use of generalized linear mixed models (GLMMs). By introducing higher-level random effects in addition to the residual error term, GLMMs allow an estimation of fixed effect and interaction parameters while accounting for random effects at different levels of the data. GLMMs are first required in sex ratio analyses whenever there are covariates at the offspring level of the data, but inferences are to be drawn at the brood level. Second, when interactions of effects at different levels of the data are to be estimated, random fluctuation of parameters can be taken into account only in GLMMs. Data structures requiring the use of GLMMs to avoid erroneous inferences are often encountered in ecological sex ratio studies.
    PracovištěÚstav biologie obratlovců
    KontaktHana Slabáková, slabakova@ivb.cz, Tel.: 543 422 524
    Rok sběru2002