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Chlorella fusca (Chlorophyta) grown in thin-layer cascades: Estimation of biomass productivity by in-vivo chlorophyll a fluorescence monitoring

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    0469217 - MBÚ 2017 RIV NL eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Jerez, C.G. - Malapascua, José R.F. - Sergejevová, M. - Masojídek, Jiří - Figueroa, F.L.
    Chlorella fusca (Chlorophyta) grown in thin-layer cascades: Estimation of biomass productivity by in-vivo chlorophyll a fluorescence monitoring.
    Algal Research-Biomass Biofuels and Bioproducts. Roč. 17, July 2016 (2016), s. 21-30. ISSN 2211-9264. E-ISSN 2211-9264
    Grant CEP: GA MŠk ED2.1.00/03.0110; GA MŠk EE2.3.30.0059; GA MŠk(CZ) LO1416
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:61388971
    Klíčová slova: Biomass productivity * Chlorella * Electron transport rate (ETR)
    Kód oboru RIV: EE - Mikrobiologie, virologie
    Impakt faktor: 3.994, rok: 2016

    The microalga Chlorella fusca showed high biomass productivity in thin-layer cascades (TLCs) with large light-exposed surface (high exposed surface to total volume ratio; S/V). Two trials – E1 and E2 – were conducted in Malaga (Southern Spain) in July and October, respectively using a TLC with an S/V ratio of 27 m− 1. The third trial E3 was carried out in the Czech Republic in July using another TLC with an S/V ratio of 120 m− 1. Chl a fluorescence measurements (in situ and off-line) were carried out to monitor the photosynthetic performance of these cultures. Simultaneous measurement of irradiance and effective quantum yield through the day allowed the determination of daily electron transport rate (ETR), which led to the estimation of biomass productivity. Calculated data of biomass productivity of microalgal mass cultures were well correlated with the measured values. The E3 culture achieved the highest productivity of the three trials − 27 g DW m− 2 d− 1. Extrapolating these results to southern Spain, with a longer cultivation period and higher daily dose of the solar energy, and considering a photosynthetic efficiency (PE) of 4.4 percent (achieved in E3), we obtained a potential productivity of 43 metric tons ha− 1 year− 1 if the unit is operated for 8 months (from March to October). Realistically, in locations with favorable climate, TLCs can be considered a suitable system for biomass production with high PE as well as easy maintenance and low operation costs. On-line monitoring of in situ Chl a fluorescence provided data that revealed essential information about the photosynthetic performance of the culture. Here, we present a first attempt of estimating biomass productivity based on ETR measurements in microalgal mass cultures that correlate well with the measured values.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0267368

     
     
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