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Validation of the PALM model system 6.0 in a real urban environment: a case study in Dejvice, Prague, the Czech Republic
- 1.0544772 - ÚI 2022 RIV DE eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
Resler, Jaroslav - Eben, Kryštof - Geletič, Jan - Krč, Pavel - Rosecký, Martin - Sühring, M. - Belda, M. - Fuka, V. - Halenka, T. - Huszár, P. - Karlický, J. - Benešová, N. - Ďoubalová, J. - Honzáková, K. - Keder, J. - Nápravníková, Š. - Vlček, O.
Validation of the PALM model system 6.0 in a real urban environment: a case study in Dejvice, Prague, the Czech Republic.
Geoscientific Model Development. Roč. 14, č. 8 (2021), s. 4797-4842. ISSN 1991-959X. E-ISSN 1991-9603
Grant CEP: GA KHP(CZ) UH0383; GA TA ČR(CZ) TO01000219
Grant ostatní: Ga MŠk(CZ) LM2015070
Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985807
Klíčová slova: urban meteorology * air quality * street canyon * CFD * LES * PALM * observations * model validation
Obor OECD: Meteorology and atmospheric sciences
Impakt faktor: 6.892, rok: 2021
Způsob publikování: Open access
In recent years, the PALM 6.0 modelling system has been rapidly developing its capability to simulate physical processes within urban environments. Some examples in this regard are energy-balance solvers for building and land surfaces, a radiative transfer model to account for multiple reflections and shading, a plant-canopy model to consider the effects of plants on flow (thermo)dynamics, and a chemistry transport model to enable simulation of air quality. This study provides a thorough evaluation of modelled meteorological, air chemistry, and ground and wall-surface quantities against dedicated in situ measurements taken in an urban environment in Dejvice, Prague, the Czech Republic. Measurements included monitoring of air quality and meteorology in street canyons, surface temperature scanning with infrared cameras, and monitoring of wall heat fluxes. Large-eddy simulations (LES) using the PALM model driven by boundary conditions obtained from a mesoscale model were performed for multiple days within two summer and three winter episodes characterized by different atmospheric conditions. For the simulated episodes, the resulting temperature, wind speed, and chemical compound concentrations within street canyons show a realistic representation of the observed state, except that the LES did not adequately capture night-time cooling near the surface for certain meteorological conditions. In some situations, insufficient turbulent mixing was modelled, resulting in higher near-surface concentrations. At most of the evaluation points, the simulated surface temperature reproduces the observed surface temperature reasonably well for both absolute and daily amplitude values. However, especially for the winter episodes and for modern buildings with multilayer walls, the heat transfer through walls is not well captured in some cases, leading to discrepancies between the modelled and observed wall-surface temperature. Furthermore, the study corroborates model dependency on the accuracy of the input data. In particular, the temperatures of surfaces affected by nearby trees strongly depend on the spatial distribution of the leaf area density, land surface temperatures at grass surfaces strongly depend on the initial soil moisture, wall-surface temperatures depend on the correct setting of wall material parameters, and concentrations depend on detailed information on spatial distribution of emissions, all of which are often unavailable at sufficient accuracy. The study also points out some current model limitations, particularly the implications of representing topography and complex heterogeneous facades on a discrete Cartesian grid, and glass facades that are not fully represented in terms of radiative processes. Our findings are able to validate the representation of physical processes in PALM while also pointing out specific shortcomings. This will help to build a baseline for future developments of the model and improvements of simulations of physical processes in an urban environment.
Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0321583
Vědecká data: Forschungsdaten-Repositorium der LUH
Vědecká data v ASEP:
Validation of the PALM model system 6.0 in real urban environment: case study of Prague-Dejvice, Czech Republic.
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