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Multiphase progenetic development shaped the brain of flying archosaurs

  1. 1.
    0507559 - FGÚ 2020 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Beyrand, V. - Voeten, D. F. A. E. - Bureš, S. - Fernandez, V. - Janáček, Jiří - Jirák, D. - Rauhut, O. - Tafforeau, P.
    Multiphase progenetic development shaped the brain of flying archosaurs.
    Scientific Reports. Roč. 9, Jul 25 (2019), č. článku 10807. ISSN 2045-2322. E-ISSN 2045-2322
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GAP302/12/1207
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985823
    Klíčová slova: Archosauria * brain shape * flight adaptation
    Kód oboru RIV: EA - Morfologické obory a cytologie
    Obor OECD: Biology (theoretical, mathematical, thermal, cryobiology, biological rhythm), Evolutionary biology
    Impakt faktor: 3.998, rok: 2019
    https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46959-2

    The growing availability of virtual cranial endocasts of extinct and extant vertebrates has fueled the quest for endocranial characters that discriminate between phylogenetic groups and resolve their neural significances. We used geometric morphometrics to compare a phylogenetically and ecologically comprehensive data set of archosaurian endocasts along the deep evolutionary history of modern birds and found that this lineage experienced progressive elevation of encephalisation through several chapters of increased endocranial doming that we demonstrate to result from progenetic developments. Elevated encephalisation associated with progressive size reduction within Maniraptoriformes was secondarily exapted for flight by stem avialans. Within Mesozoic Avialae, endocranial doming increased in at least some Ornithurae, yet remained relatively modest in early Neornithes. During the Paleogene, volant non-neoavian birds retained ancestral levels of endocast doming where a broad neoavian niche diversification experienced heterochronic brain shape radiation, as did non-volant Palaeognathae. We infer comparable developments underlying the establishment of pterosaurian brain shapes.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0298540
     
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