Počet záznamů: 1
Pressure behavior of a steel pipeline experiencing creep at normal temperatures
- 1.0482444 - UTAM-F 2019 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
Gajdoš, Lubomír - Šperl, Martin - Pavelková, R.
Pressure behavior of a steel pipeline experiencing creep at normal temperatures.
Journal of Aerospace Engineering. Roč. 31, č. 3 (2018), č. článku 05018001. ISSN 0893-1321
Grant CEP: GA TA ČR(CZ) TE02000162
Institucionální podpora: RVO:68378297
Klíčová slova: tightness test * pressure decrease * steel pipe * room temperature creep (RTC)
Kód oboru RIV: JL - Únava materiálu a lomová mechanika
Obor OECD: Audio engineering, reliability analysis
Impakt faktor: 1.373, rok: 2018
This work was motivated by the need for knowledge about the natural decrease in water pressure due to room temperature creep, as distinct from the decrease in pressure caused by leakage in tightness tests of new and/or repaired pipelines. In this context, a case study was conducted regarding the decrease in water pressure in a test pipe with dimensions of 530 mm in outside diameter and 7.8 mm in wall thickness.The system was pressurized to a pressure of 8.985 MPa, after which the water supply was stopped. The test pipe 4 m in length was made from line pipe steel L360NB and was closed by torispherical heads at both ends. Special attention was given to the thermal insulation of the test pipe, ensuring an average temperature of 14.5°C, with variation within 0.1°C over a period of 24 hours. A non-linear ordinary differential equation was derived to describe the time gradient of the water pressure in the test pipe in relation to time, pressure, coefficient of compressibility of water and cross sectional dimensions of the test pipe. The necessary creep parameters and static tensile properties were obtained from specimens manufactured from a ring 30 cm in width taken from the same pipe. The orientation of the specimens was circumferential. The creep tests were performed over a period of 24 hours at ambient temperature. The creep strains were measured by the strain gauge technique, and the effect of temperature variation during the test period was compensated by the use of a compensating strain gauge. The calculated decrease in pressure with time compared quite well with experimental results when the beginning of the pressure decrease was considered two hours after reaching the initial pressure of water and the supply of water was ended. The time period of 2-24 hours follows the recommendations of the CGA standard. A family of 'pressure-time' curves were constructed for a pipe from steel pressurized by water to specific initial pressure levels taken as multiples of the pressure at the yield. These curves cover a time interval of 2 - 24 hours, and they can be used to check the total decrease in water pressure after the tightness test has been completed.
Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0283083