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Non-invasive Morphological and Elemental Analysis of Ivory Plate for Artworks\nAuthentication Using ESEM and EDS

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    0481041 - ÚPT 2018 RIV US eng J - Journal Article
    Tihlaříková, Eva - Neděla, Vilém - Hradilová, J. - Hradil, David
    Non-invasive Morphological and Elemental Analysis of Ivory Plate for Artworks
    Authentication Using ESEM and EDS.
    Microscopy and Microanalysis. Roč. 23, S1 (2017), s. 1832-1833. ISSN 1431-9276
    R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LO1212; GA MŠk ED0017/01/01; GA ČR(CZ) GA17-25687S
    Institutional support: RVO:68081731 ; RVO:61388980
    Keywords : ESEM * EDS * non-invasive morphological analysis * non-invasive elemental analysis
    Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering; CA - Inorganic Chemistry (UACH-T)
    OBOR OECD: Microbiology; Inorganic and nuclear chemistry (UACH-T)
    Impact factor: 2.124, year: 2017

    In a market that is flooded with forgeries, the first step in determining the value is identification of the artwork authenticity. Also from the art history point of view professional expertise base on different techniques are necessary. In this work we introduce Environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscope analysis (EDS) as non-invasive methods for micromorphological and elemental analysis of ivory samples used as supports for historical miniature painting. Miniature portraits are very subtle paintings, where any collection of micro-samples is generally unacceptable. Their popularity was mainly in the 19th century, but there are a number of copies and imitations, whose recognition is difficult. The true natural ivory was widely substituted by different bones or an artificial ivory, represented by various types of plastics.
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