Počet záznamů: 1

Asbestos exposure affects poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 activity: role in asbestos-induced carcinogenesis

  1. 1.
    0369504 - BTO-N 2012 RIV GB eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Tomasetti, M. - Amati, M. - Nocchi, L. - Saccucci, F. - Strafella, E. - Tarquini, L.M. - Carbonari, D. - Alleva, R. - Borghi, B. - Neužil, Jiří - Bracci, M. - Santarelli, L.
    Asbestos exposure affects poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 activity: role in asbestos-induced carcinogenesis.
    MUTAGENESIS. Roč. 26, č. 5 (2011), s. 585-591 ISSN 0267-8357
    Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z50520701
    Klíčová slova: Asbestos exposure * poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 * malignant mesothelioma
    Kód oboru RIV: EB - Genetika a molekulární biologie

    Asbestos is known to induce malignant mesothelioma (MM). It is directly genotoxic by inducing DNA strand breaks. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) is a protein with a function as a DNA damage sensor. To determine whether PARP1 is involved in asbestos-induced carcinogenesis, PARP1 expression and activity as well as DNA damage and repair were evaluated in circulating cells of asbestos-exposed subjects, MM patients and controls. Accumulation of the pre-mutagenic 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine and elevated PARP1 expression were found both in asbestos-exposed subjects and MM patients. Although PARP1 was highly expressed, its activity was relatively low in circulating cells as well as in MM biopsies. Low DNA repair efficiency was observed in lymphocytes from MM patients. To mimic PARP1 dysfunction, PARP1 expression and activity were induced in immortalised mesothelial cells by their exposure to asbestos in the presence of a PARP1 inhibitor, which resulted in transformation of the cells.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0203552