Počet záznamů: 1

Discrepancies in the occurrence of Balantidium coli between wild and captive African great apes

  1. 1.
    0356543 - UBO-W 2011 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Pomajbíková, K. - Petrželková, Klára Judita - Profousová, Ilona - Petrášová, J. - Modrý, David
    Discrepancies in the occurrence of Balantidium coli between wild and captive African great apes.
    Journal of Parasitology. Roč. 96, č. 6 (2010), s. 1139-1144 ISSN 0022-3395
    Grant CEP: GA ČR GA524/06/0264; GA ČR GA206/09/0927; GA AV ČR KJB600930615
    Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z60930519; CEZ:AV0Z60220518
    Klíčová slova: lowland gorillas * intestinal parasites * chimpanzees
    Kód oboru RIV: EG - Zoologie
    Impakt faktor: 1.208, rok: 2010

    Balantidium coli is a ciliate reported in many mammalian species, including African great apes. In the former, asymptomatic infections as well as clinical balantidiasis have been reported in captivity. We carried out a cross-sectional study of B. coli in African great apes (chimpanzees, bonobos, and both species of gorillas) and examined 1,161 fecal samples from 28 captive facilities in Europe, plus 2 sanctuaries and 11 wild sites in Africa. Samples were analyzed with the use of Sheather’s flotation and merthiolate–iodine–formaldehyde (MIFC) sedimentation. MIFC sedimentation was the more sensitive technique for diagnostics of B. coli in apes. Although not detected in any wild-ape populations, B. coli was diagnosed in 52.6% of captive individuals. Surprisingly, in the apes’ feces, trophozoites of B. coli were commonly detected, in contrast with other animals, e.g., Old World monkeys, pigs, etc. Most likely reservoirs for B. coli in captive apes include synantropic rats.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0195037