Počet záznamů: 1

Protonation of benzo-18-crown-6: Extraction and DFT study

  1. 1.
    0355840 - UMCH-V 2011 RIV DE eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Toman, Petr - Makrlík, E. - Vaňura, P. - Kašička, Václav
    Protonation of benzo-18-crown-6: Extraction and DFT study.
    Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie : International Journal of Research in Physical Chemistry & Chemical Physics. Roč. 225, č. 2 (2011), s. 265-270 ISSN 0942-9352
    Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GAP205/10/2280
    Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z40500505; CEZ:AV0Z40550506
    Klíčová slova: protonation * nitrobenzene * benzo-18-crown-6
    Kód oboru RIV: CD - Makromolekulární chemie
    Impakt faktor: 1.568, rok: 2011

    From extraction experiments and γ-activity measurements, the extraction constant corresponding to the equilibrium H3O+(aq) + 1•Na+(nb) reversible arrow 1•H3O+(nb) + Na+(aq) taking place in the two-phase water-nitrobenzene system (1 = benzo-18-crown-6, aq = aqueous phase, nb = nitrobenzene phase) was evaluated as log Kex(H3O+, 1•Na+)=-0.8±0.1. Further, the stability constant of the 1•H3O+ complex in water-saturated nitrobenzene was calculated for a temperature of 25°C as log βnb(1•H3O+)=6.3±0.1. Finally, by using quantum mechanical DFT calculations, the most probable structure of the 1•H3O+ cationic complex species was derived. In this complex, the hydroxonium ion H3O+ is bound by three strong linear hydrogen bonds to one (Ar–O–CH2) ethereal oxygen and two (CH2–O–CH2) ethereal oxygen atoms of the parent crown ligand 1. The interaction energy was found to be -401.4kJ/mol, confirming the formation of the considered complex 1•H3O+.
    Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0194518