Počet záznamů: 1
Nucleation of polypropylene with gold nanoparticles. Part 1: Introduction of sandwich method for evaluation of very weak nucleation activity
0342351 - UMCH-V 2011 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
Pavlova, Ewa - Šlouf, Miroslav - Šandová, Hana - Baldrian, Josef - Sikora, Antonín - Lednický, František - Masirek, R. - Piorkowska, E.
Nucleation of polypropylene with gold nanoparticles. Part 1: Introduction of sandwich method for evaluation of very weak nucleation activity.
Journal of Macromolecular Science - Physics. Roč. 49, č. 2 (2010), s. 392-404 ISSN 0022-2348
Grant CEP: GA AV ČR KAN200520704
Výzkumný záměr: CEZ:AV0Z40500505
Klíčová slova: gold nanoparticles * isotactic polypropylene nucleation * transcrystallization
Kód oboru RIV: EB - Genetika a molekulární biologie
Impakt faktor: 0.602, rok: 2010
Although gold particles are known to nucleate isotactic polypropylene (PP), the nucleating effect of chemically pure 5 nm Au, prepared in vacuum sputter coater, was found to be hardly observable. In order to detect such a weak effect, we deposited a homogeneous layer of Au nanoparticles between thin PP films and evaluated the nucleation activity by a combination of three independent methods: polarized light microscopy (PLM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and 2D wide-angle X-ray scattering (2D-WAXS). This new technique, which was called sandwich method, allowed us to demonstrate that gold nanoparticles were able to nucleate PP crystallization, although the effect was much weaker than that produced by commercial .alpha.-nucleant [1,2,3,4-bis(3,4-dimethylbenzylidene)sorbitol] and .beta.-nucleant (N,N-Dicyclohexyl-2,6-naphthalene dicarboxamide). The sandwich method appeared to be quite universal and applicable for any micro-sized nucleants or nanonucleants.
Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0185104