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Clay and alunite-rich materials in painting grounds of prominent Italian masters – Caravaggio and Mattia Preti

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    SYSNO ASEP0518621
    Document TypeJ - Journal Article
    R&D Document TypeJournal Article
    Subsidiary JČlánek ve WOS
    TitleClay and alunite-rich materials in painting grounds of prominent Italian masters – Caravaggio and Mattia Preti
    Author(s) Hradil, David (UACH-T) RID, SAI
    Hradilová, J. (CZ)
    Lanterna, G. (IT)
    Galeotti, M. (IT)
    Holcová, K. (CZ)
    Jaques, V. (CZ)
    Bezdička, Petr (UACH-T) SAI, RID, ORCID
    Number of authors7
    Article number105412
    Source TitleApplied Clay Science. - : Elsevier - ISSN 0169-1317
    Roč. 185, FEB (2020)
    Number of pages13 s.
    Languageeng - English
    CountryNL - Netherlands
    KeywordsAlunite ; Caravaggio ; Globigerina limestone ; Painting grounds ; Powder X-ray micro-diffraction
    Subject RIVCA - Inorganic Chemistry
    OBOR OECDInorganic and nuclear chemistry
    R&D ProjectsGA17-25687S GA ČR - Czech Science Foundation (CSF)
    Způsob publikováníOpen access s časovým embargem (01.02.2022)
    Institutional supportUACH-T - RVO:61388980
    UT WOS000510399600005
    EID SCOPUS85076631853
    DOI10.1016/j.clay.2019.105412
    AnnotationRecently, the fine arts' research is increasingly carried out by non-invasive techniques, which do not require any sampling. However, some questions cannot be answered in this way. A typical example is the provenance analysis of the natural materials used in historical paintings. Another question is how much the provenance of the material is related to the provenance of the artwork itself (because of trade with pigments, painters' migration and their artistic preferences). Often, only painter's preference and intention are mentioned, and not economic factors and regional availability of the raw material. This is also the case of clay-based preparatory layers (grounds) on Caravaggio's paintings. In order to prove a connection of the ground composition with the place of the painting's creation, the painting grounds used by two prominent Baroque Masters Caravaggio and Mattia Preti have been investigated using X-ray powder micro-diffraction and Fourier transform infrared micro-spectroscopy in combination with micro-palaentological analysis. It was found that grounds applied by the same painter, but in two closely related regions – Italy and Malta, differ. While pottery clays were used in Italy, weathered Globigerina limestones were applied in Malta in combination with alunite-hematite material. It is the first time ever that such material has been identified as a main component in painting grounds.
    WorkplaceInstitute of Inorganic Chemistry
    ContactJana Kroneislová, krone@iic.cas.cz, Tel.: 311 236 931
    Year of Publishing2021
    Electronic addresshttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169131719304703?via%3Dihub
Number of the records: 1