Number of the records: 1  

Axon tension regulates fasciculation/defasciculation through the control of axon shaft zippering

  1. 1.
    0476688 - FGÚ 2018 RIV GB eng J - Journal Article
    Šmít, Daniel - Fouquet, C. - Pincet, F. - Zápotocký, Martin - Trembleau, A.
    Axon tension regulates fasciculation/defasciculation through the control of axon shaft zippering.
    eLife. Roč. 6, Apr 19 (2017), č. článku e19907. ISSN 2050-084X
    R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-16755S; GA MŠk(CZ) 7AMB12FR002
    Institutional support: RVO:67985823
    Keywords : biophysics * cell adhesion * coarsening * developmental biology * mathematical model * mechanical tension * axon guidance
    Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics
    OBOR OECD: Biophysics
    Impact factor: 7.616, year: 2017

    While axon fasciculation plays a key role in the development of neural networks, very little is known about its dynamics and the underlying biophysical mechanisms. In a model system composed of neurons grown ex vivo from explants of embryonic mouse olfactory epithelia, we observed that axons dynamically interact with each other through their shafts, leading to zippering and unzippering behavior that regulates their fasciculation. Taking advantage of this new preparation suitable for studying such interactions, we carried out a detailed biophysical analysis of zippering, occurring either spontaneously or induced by micromanipulations and pharmacological treatments. We show that zippering arises from the competition of axon-axon adhesion and mechanical tension in the axons, and provide the first quantification of the force of axon-axon adhesion. Furthermore, we introduce a biophysical model of the zippering dynamics, and we quantitatively relate the individual zipper properties to global characteristics of the developing axon network. Our study uncovers a new role of mechanical tension in neural development: the regulation of axon fasciculation.
    Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0273135