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Assessing the Contrasting Effects of the Exceptional 2015 Drought on the Carbon Dynamics in Two Norway Spruce Forest Ecosystems

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    0545772 - ÚVGZ 2022 RIV CH eng J - Journal Article
    Mensah, Caleb - Šigut, Ladislav - Fischer, Milan - Foltýnová, Lenka - Jocher, Georg - Acosta, Manuel - Kowalska, Natalia - Kokrda, Lukas - Pavelka, Marian - Marshall, John David - Nyantakyi, E. K. - Marek, Michal V.
    Assessing the Contrasting Effects of the Exceptional 2015 Drought on the Carbon Dynamics in Two Norway Spruce Forest Ecosystems.
    Atmosphere. Roč. 12, č. 8 (2021), č. článku 988. E-ISSN 2073-4433
    R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LM2018123
    Research Infrastructure: CzeCOS III - 90123
    Institutional support: RVO:86652079
    Keywords : eddy covariance technique * climate-change * atmospheric demand * water dynamics * respiration * exchange * heat * temperature * sensitivity * fluxes * climate change * water stress * soil moisture * atmospheric evaporative demand * eddy covariance * gross primary productivity
    OECD category: Meteorology and atmospheric sciences
    Impact factor: 2.686, year: 2020
    Method of publishing: Open access
    https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4433/12/8/988

    The occurrence of extreme drought poses a severe threat to forest ecosystems and reduces their capability to sequester carbon dioxide. This study analysed the impacts of a central European summer drought in 2015 on gross primary productivity (GPP) at two Norway spruce forest sites representing two contrasting climatic conditions-cold and humid climate at Bily Kriz (CZ-BK1) vs. moderately warm and dry climate at Rajec (CZ-RAJ). The comparative analyses of GPP was based on a three-year eddy covariance dataset, where 2014 and 2016 represented years with normal conditions, while 2015 was characterized by dry conditions. A significant decline in the forest GPP was found during the dry year of 2015, reaching 14% and 6% at CZ-BK1 and CZ-RAJ, respectively. The reduction in GPP coincided with high ecosystem respiration (R-eco) during the dry year period, especially during July and August, when several heat waves hit the region. Additional analyses of GPP decline during the dry year period suggested that a vapour pressure deficit played a more important role than the soil volumetric water content at both investigated sites, highlighting the often neglected importance of considering the species hydraulic strategy (isohydric vs. anisohydric) in drought impact assessments. The study indicates the high vulnerability of the Norway spruce forest to drought stress, especially at sites with precipitation equal or smaller than the atmospheric evaporative demand. Since central Europe is currently experiencing large-scale dieback of Norway spruce forests in lowlands and uplands (such as for CZ-RAJ conditions), the findings of this study may help to quantitatively assess the fate of these widespread cultures under future climate projections, and may help to delimitate the areas of their sustainable production.
    Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0322437

     
     
Number of the records: 1