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Microbial seed coating as a tool to enhance crop growth and stress tolerance

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    0539104 - BÚ 2021 RIV NL eng C - Conference Paper (international conference)
    Vosátka, Miroslav - Rocha, I. - Ma, Y. - Baldassarre Švecová, Eva - Oliviera, R. S.
    Microbial seed coating as a tool to enhance crop growth and stress tolerance.
    Istambul: ISHS, 2020. ISBN 978-94-62612-71-6. In: ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1273, XXX International Horticultural Congress. Proceedings of the II International Symposium on Soilless Culture and VIII International Symposium on Seed, Transplant and Stand Establishment of Horticultural Crops. Katwijk aan Zee: ISHS, 2020 - (Gül, A.; Daşgan, H.; Leskovar, D.; Korkmaz, A.; Yetişir, H.), s. 401-407. ISBN 978-94-62612-71-6.
    [XXX International Horticultural Congress: Bridging the World through Horticulture. Istanbul (TR), 12.08.2018-16.08.2018]
    R&D Projects: GA TA ČR TE01020080
    Institutional support: RVO:67985939
    Keywords : legumes * microbial preparations * mycorrhizal fungi
    OECD category: Agriculture

    The article presents experimental results showing that seed coating is an efficient strategy to introduce microbial inoculants into the cultivation practice. Although the technique has been mainly tested on cereals and some legumes, there is high potential to use the same approach for vegetables and other horticultural crops. In our studies seed coating has been performed with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) inocula, with Trichoderma harzianum or Pseudomonas putida. Five experiments with chickpea, pea, maize and wheat performed in pots or field showed that the seed coating has a potential to introduce beneficial microbes into the roots or rhizosphere of the plants and, therefore, increase early crop growth and stress resistance. Possible ways of large-scale implementation of coating techniques should be further exploited and drawbacks of the technology addressed and solved to ensure its wider use in horticulture.
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