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Cardiac Cx43 and ECM Responses to Altered Thyroid Status Are Blunted in Spontaneously Hypertensive versus Normotensive Rats
- 1.0508540 - FGÚ 2020 RIV CH eng J - Journal Article
Sýkora, M. - Szeiffová Bačová, B. - Egan Beňová, T. - Barančík, M. - Žurmanová, J. - Rauchová, Hana - Weismann, P. - Pavelka, Stanislav - Kurahara, L. H. - Slezák, J. - Soukup, Tomáš - Tribulová, N.
Cardiac Cx43 and ECM Responses to Altered Thyroid Status Are Blunted in Spontaneously Hypertensive versus Normotensive Rats.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences. Roč. 20, č. 15 (2019), č. článku 3758. E-ISSN 1422-0067
R&D Projects: GA ČR GA17-07748S
Institutional support: RVO:67985823
Keywords : thyroid hormones * spontaneously hypertensive rats * heart * connexin-43 * extracellular matrix
OECD category: Physiology (including cytology)
Impact factor: 4.556, year: 2019
Method of publishing: Open access
Heart function and its susceptibility to arrhythmias are modulated by thyroid hormones (THs) but the responsiveness of hypertensive individuals to thyroid dysfunction is elusive. We aimed to explore the effect of altered thyroid status on crucial factors affecting synchronized heart function, i.e., connexin-43 (Cx43) and extracellular matrix proteins (ECM), in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) compared to normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKRs). Basal levels of circulating THs were similar in both strains. Hyperthyroid state (HT) was induced by injection of T3 (0.15 mg/kg b.w. for eight weeks) and hypothyroid state (HY) by the administration of methimazol (0.05% for eight weeks). The possible benefit of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (Omacor, 200 mg/kg for eight weeks) intake was examined as well. Reduced levels of Cx43 in SHRs were unaffected by alterations in THs, unlike WKRs, in which levels of Cx43 and its phosphorylated form at serine368 were decreased in the HT state and increased in the HY state. This specific Cx43 phosphorylation, attributed to enhanced protein kinase C-epsilon signaling, was also increased in HY SHRs. Altered thyroid status did not show significant differences in markers of ECM or collagen deposition in SHRs. WKRs exhibited a decrease in levels of profibrotic transforming growth factor beta 1 and SMAD2/3 in HT and an increase in HY, along with enhanced interstitial collagen. Short-term intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids did not affect any targeted proteins significantly. Key findings suggest that myocardial Cx43 and ECM responses to altered thyroid status are blunted in SHRs compared to WKRs. However, enhanced phosphorylation of Cx43 at serine368 in hypothyroid SHRs might be associated with preservation of intercellular coupling and alleviation of the propensity of the heart to malignant arrhythmias.
Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0299413
Number of the records: 1