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On the Edge Refraction Contrast Imaging on a Conventional Neutron Diffractometer Employing Dispersive Double-Crystal Monochromator

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    0471159 - ÚJF 2017 RIV GB eng C - Conference Paper (international conference)
    Mikula, Pavol - Vrána, Miroslav - Em, V. - Čapek, J. - Korytár, D.
    On the Edge Refraction Contrast Imaging on a Conventional Neutron Diffractometer Employing Dispersive Double-Crystal Monochromator.
    journal of physics: Conference series. Vol. 746. Bristol: IOP Publishing Ltd., 2016, č. článku 012028. ISSN 1742-6588.
    [VI European Conference on Neutron Scattering (ECNS2015). Zaragoza (ES), 30.08.2016-04.09.2016]
    R&D Projects: GA MŠMT LM2015056; GA ČR GB14-36566G; GA MŠMT LM2015048
    EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 226507 - NMI3
    Institutional support: RVO:61389005
    Keywords : neutron scattering * double-crystal monochromator * diffractometer
    Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism

    Conventional radiography is based on absorption effects, which depend only on the imaginary part of the refractive index. However, slits and macroscopic objects such as edges give rise to refraction and this phenomenon can be effectively used in the so called phase- contrast imaging. In addition to the absorption contrast in the conventional radiography, it exploits also contributions of phase shifts induced by the propagation of a coherent neutron (or X-ray) beam through an investigated sample. The difference in real part of the refrative index between a studied detail and its vicinity results in a phase shift between the wave transmitted through and outside the detail. Due to this phase shift, the two waves interfere. However, the used radiation has to possess a sufficiently high spatial coherence permitting one to detect resulting interference pattern. In this contribution we present two simple neutron diffractometer configurations based on two bent perfect Si crystals which provide a high spatial coherence beam of sufficient intensity which could be potentially used in some phase contrast radiography experiments.
    Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0268594

     
     
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