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A New Approach of Modified Submerged Patch Clamp Recording Reveals Interneuronal Dynamics during Epileptiform Oscillations

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    0467418 - FGÚ 2017 RIV CH eng J - Journal Article
    Morris, G. - Jiruška, Přemysl - Jefferys, J. G. R. - Powell, A. D.
    A New Approach of Modified Submerged Patch Clamp Recording Reveals Interneuronal Dynamics during Epileptiform Oscillations.
    Frontiers in Neuroscience. Roč. 10, Nov 9 (2016), č. článku 519. E-ISSN 1662-453X
    R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-02634S; GA MZd(CZ) NV15-29835A
    Institutional support: RVO:67985823
    Keywords : in vitro * membrane chamber * LFP * patch clamp * epilepsy * high frequency activity
    Subject RIV: FH - Neurology
    Impact factor: 3.566, year: 2016

    Traditionally, visually-guided patch clamp in brain slices using submerged recording conditions has been required to characterize the activity of individual neurons. However, due to limited oxygen availability, submerged conditions truncate fast network oscillations including epileptiform activity. Thus, it is technically challenging to study the contribution of individual identified neurons to fast network activity. The membrane chamber is a submerged-style recording chamber, modified to enhance oxygen supply to the slice, which we use to demonstrate the ability to record single-cell activity during in vitro epilepsy. We elicited epileptiform activity using 9 mM potassium and simultaneously recorded from fluorescently labeled interneurons. Epileptiform discharges were more reliable than in standard submerged conditions. During these synchronous discharges interneuron firing frequency increased and action potential amplitude progressively decreased. The firing of 15 interneurons was significantly correlated with epileptiform high frequency activity (HFA; similar to 100-500 Hz) cycles. We also recorded epileptiform activity in tissue prepared from chronically epileptic rats, treated with intrahippocampal tetanus neurotoxin. Four of these slices generated fast ripple activity, unique to chronic epilepsy. We showed the membrane chamber is a promising new in vitro environment facilitating patch clamp recordings in acute epilepsy models. Further, we showed that chronic epilepsy can be better modeled using ex vivo brain slices. These findings demonstrate that the membrane chamber facilitates previously challenging investigations into the neuronal correlates of epileptiform activity in vitro.
    Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0265518

     
     
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