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Bora and Aurora-A continue to activate Plk1 in mitosis

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    0436610 - ÚMG 2015 RIV GB eng J - Journal Article
    Bruinsma, W. - Macůrek, Libor - Freire, R. - Lindqvist, A. - Medema, R.H.
    Bora and Aurora-A continue to activate Plk1 in mitosis.
    Journal of Cell Science. Roč. 127, č. 4 (2014), s. 801-811. ISSN 0021-9533. E-ISSN 1477-9137
    R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-18392S
    Grant - others:Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad(ES) SAF2010-22357; CONSOLIDER-Ingenio(NL) CDS2007-0015
    Keywords : Aurora-A * Bora * Mitosis * Plk1
    Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology
    Impact factor: 5.432, year: 2014

    Polo-like kinase-1 (Plk1) is required for proper cell division. Activation of Plk1 requires phosphorylation on a conserved threonine in the T-loop of the kinase domain (T210). Plk1 is first phosphorylated on T210 in G2 phase by the kinase Aurora-A, in concert with its cofactor Bora. However, Bora was shown to be degraded prior to entry into mitosis, and it is currently unclear how Plk1 activity is sustained in mitosis. Here we show that the Bora-Aurora-A complex remains the major activator of Plk1 in mitosis. We show that a small amount of Aurora-A activity is sufficient to phosphorylate and activate Plk1 in mitosis. In addition, a fraction of Bora is retained in mitosis, which is essential for continued Aurora-A-dependent T210 phosphorylation of Plk1. We find that once Plk1 is activated, minimal amounts of the Bora-Aurora-A complex are sufficient to sustain Plk1 activity. Thus, the activation of Plk1 by Aurora-A may function as a bistable switch; highly sensitive to inhibition of Aurora-A in its initial activation, but refractory to fluctuations in Aurora-A activity once Plk1 is fully activated. This provides a cell with robust Plk1 activity once it has committed to mitosis.
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