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Climate control of terrestrial carbon exchange across biomes and continents

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    0383149 - ÚVGZ 2013 RIV GB eng J - Journal Article
    Yi, C. - Ricciuto, D. - Marek, Michal V. … Total 151 authors
    Climate control of terrestrial carbon exchange across biomes and continents.
    Environmental Research Letters. Roč. 5, č. 3 (2010), s. 034007. ISSN 1748-9326. E-ISSN 1748-9326
    Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60870520
    Keywords : NEE * climate control * terrestrial carbon sequestration * temperature * dryness * eddy flux * biomes * photosynthesis * respiration * global carbon cycle
    Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour
    Impact factor: 3.049, year: 2010

    Understanding the relationships between climate and carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems is critical to predict future levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide because of the potential accelerating effects of positive climate-carbon cycle feedbacks. However, directly observed relationships between climate and terrestrial CO2 exchange with the atmosphere across biomes and continents are lacking. Here we present data describing the relationships between net ecosystem exchange of carbon (NEE) and climate factors as measured using the eddy covariance method at 125 unique sites in various ecosystems over six continents with a total of 559 site-years. We find that NEE observed at eddy covariance sites is (1) a strong function of mean annual temperature at mid-and high-latitudes, (2) a strong function of dryness at mid-and low-latitudes, and (3) a function of both temperature and dryness around the mid-latitudinal belt (45 degrees N). The sensitivity of NEE to mean annual temperature breaks down at similar to 16 degrees C (a threshold value of mean annual temperature), above which no further increase of CO2 uptake with temperature was observed and dryness influence overrules temperature influence.
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    Climate control of terrestrial carbon exchange_M. V. Marek et al..pdf0761.2 KBPublisher’s postprintopen-access
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