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Human activities predominate in determining changing incidence of tick-borne encephalitis in Europe

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    0352770 - UBO-W 2011 RIV FR eng J - Journal Article
    Randolph, S. E. - Anda, P. - Avsic-Zupanc, T. - Bormane, A. - Egyed, L. - Ferenczi, E. - García-Pérez, A. L. - Gern, L. - Hubálek, Zdeněk - Kazimírová, M. - Kondrusik, M. - Pfister, K. - Rizzoli, A. - Vasilenko, V. - Vladimirescu, A. - Žygutiene, M.
    Human activities predominate in determining changing incidence of tick-borne encephalitis in Europe.
    Eurosurveillance. Roč. 15, č. 27 (2010), s. 24-31 ISSN 1560-7917
    EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 10284 - EDEN
    Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519
    Keywords : tick-borne encephalitis
    Subject RIV: FN - Epidemiology, Contagious Diseases ; Clinical Immunology
    http://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=19606

    Explanations for the dynamics of tick-borne disease systems usually focus on changes in the transmission potential in natural enzootic cycles. These are undoubtedly important, but recent analyses reveal that variation in human activities that may impact inadvertently but positively on both the enzootic cycles and the degree of human exposure to those cycles, provide more robust explanations for recent upsurges in tick-borne encephalitis in Europe. This can account for long-term increases in incidence, for small-scales spatial variation in incidence within a country, and for short-scale fluctuations such as annual spikes in incidence. The patterns of relevant human activities, typically those related to the use of forest resources, are evidently driven and/or constrained by the cultural and socio-economic circumstances of each population, resulting in contrasting national epidemiological outcomes.
    Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0192199