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Determination of Mineral Constituents, Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Qualities of Cleome gynandra, Compared to Brassica oleracea and Beta vulgaris

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    0488744 - ÚEB 2019 RIV CH eng J - Journal Article
    Moyo, M. - Amoo, S.O. - Aremu, A.O. - Grúz, Jiří - Šubrtová, Michaela - Jarošová, M. - Tarkowski, P. - Doležal, Karel
    Determination of Mineral Constituents, Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Qualities of Cleome gynandra, Compared to Brassica oleracea and Beta vulgaris.
    Frontiers in Chemistry. Roč. 5, JAN 4 (2018), č. článku 128. ISSN 2296-2646
    R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LO1204; GA ČR(CZ) GA17-06613S
    Institutional support: RVO:61389030
    Keywords : green leafy vegetables * subspecies cycla * nutrient content * capacity * fruits * perspectives * transport * assays * free radicals * indigenous leafy vegetables * minerals * phenolic acids * vitamins
    Subject RIV: EF - Botanics
    OBOR OECD: Plant sciences, botany
    Impact factor: 3.782, year: 2018

    The study compared mineral, chemical and antioxidant qualities of Cleome gynandra, a wild leafy vegetable, with two widely consumed commercial vegetables, Brassica oleracea and Beta vulgaris. Mineral nutrients were quantified with inductively coupled plasmamass spectrometry (ICP-MS), phenolic compounds using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometer (UHPLC-MS) and beta-carotene and vitamin C using high performance liquid chromatography with a photodiode array detector (HPLC-PDA). The antioxidant potential was evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assays. Cleome gynandra had highest concentrations of phosphorus, potassium, calcium, iron, zinc, ascorbic acid, total phenolics, and flavonoids, whereas sodium, magnesium, manganese, copper and beta-carotene were higher for B. vulgaris. The significantly higher antioxidant activity (P <= 0.05) exhibited by C. gynandra in comparison to the two comme
    Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0283284
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