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A variational approach to bifurcation points of a reaction-diffusion system with obstacles and neumann boundary conditions

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    0458817 - UZFG-Y 2017 RIV CZ eng J - Journal Article
    Eisner, Jan - Kučera, Milan - Väth, Martin
    A variational approach to bifurcation points of a reaction-diffusion system with obstacles and neumann boundary conditions.
    Applications of Mathematics. Roč. 61, č. 1 (2016), s. 1-25. ISSN 0862-7940
    R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-12580S
    Institutional support: RVO:67985904 ; RVO:67985840
    Keywords : reaction-diffusion system * unlateral condition * variational inequality
    Subject RIV: EG - Zoology; BA - General Mathematics (MU-W)
    Impact factor: 0.618, year: 2016

    Given a reaction-diffusion system which exhibits Turing's diffusion-driven instability, the influence of unilateral obstacles of opposite sign (source and sink) on bifurcation and critical points is studied. In particular, in some cases it is shown that spatially nonhomogeneous stationary solutions (spatial patterns) bifurcate from a basic spatially homogeneous steady state for an arbitrarily small ratio of diffusions of inhibitor and activator, while a sufficiently large ratio is necessary in the classical case without unilateral obstacles. The study is based on a variational approach to a non-variational problem which even after transformation to a variational one has an unusual structure for which usual variational methods do not apply.
    Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0259052
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