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Impact of end-of-day red and far-red light on plant morphology and hormone physiology of poinsettia

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    0432724 - UEB-Q 2015 RIV NL eng J - Journal Article
    Islam, M.A. - Tarkowská, Danuše - Clarke, J.L. - Blystad, D.R. - Gislerod, H.R. - Torre, S. - Olsen, J.E.
    Impact of end-of-day red and far-red light on plant morphology and hormone physiology of poinsettia.
    Scientia horticulturae. Roč. 174, JUL 2014 (2014), s. 77-86. ISSN 0304-4238
    R&D Projects: GA MŠk LK21306; GA MŠk(CZ) LO1204
    Grant - others:GA MŠk(CZ) ED0007/01/01
    Institutional support: RVO:61389030
    Keywords : Abscisic acid * End of day far red light * End of day red light
    Subject RIV: EF - Botanics
    Impact factor: 1.365, year: 2014

    Control of morphology is essential in greenhouse production of poinsettia, which is among the largest and economically most important ornamental pot plant cultures worldwide. Plant growth regulators are used to reduce shoot elongation but due to their potentially negative impacts on human health and the environment, it is highly desirable to replace these. Exploiting responses to light quality as an alternative has been investigated to a limited extent only in poinsettia and information about elongation-controlling hormones is scarce. In natural light an increased far-red (FR) proportion at the end of the day (EOD) is known to enhance shoot elongation in several species through action of phytochrome on hormone metabolism. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of manipulation of the phytochrome system at the EOD on elongation growth and hormone metabolism in poinsettia. Depending on cultivar, shoot elongation and internode lengths were reduced 34-54% by exposure to 30 min EOD-R compared to 30 min EOD-FR, both provided by light emitting diodes. The reduced elongation under EOD-R correlated with 29% and 21% lower levels of gibberellin and indole-3-acetic acid, respectively. Specific leaf and bract area were also significantly lower under EOD-R compared to EOD-FR. Bract formation and time to visible cyathia did not differ between the light treatments. In conclusion, manipulation of the phytochrome system by EOD-R in order to modulate the contents of the growth-controlling hormones can be a useful tool in control of shoot elongation in greenhouse-grown poinsettia in order to counteract the effect of the increased FR proportion at the EOD. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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