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The legacy of Eastern Mediterranean mountain uplifts: rapid disparity of phylogenetic niche conservatism and divergence in mountain vipers
- 1.0555290 - BC 2022 RIV GB eng J - Journal Article
Ahmadi, M. - Hemami, M. - Kaboli, M. - Nazarizadeh Dehkordi, Masoud - Malekian, M. - Behrooz, R. - Geniez, P. - Alroy, J. - Zimmermann, N.
The legacy of Eastern Mediterranean mountain uplifts: rapid disparity of phylogenetic niche conservatism and divergence in mountain vipers.
BMC Ecology and Evolution. Roč. 21, č. 1 (2021), č. článku 130. E-ISSN 2730-7182
Institutional support: RVO:60077344
Keywords : evolution * diversification * biogeography * speciation * climate * performance * diversity * selection * patterns * ecology * Allopatric speciation * Biogeography * Divergence dating * Diversification * Mountain orogeny * Niche evolution * Niche modelling * Near East * Middle East * Montivipera
OECD category: Genetics and heredity (medical genetics to be 3)
Method of publishing: Open access
Background The orogeny of the eastern Mediterranean region has substantially affected ecological speciation patterns, particularly of mountain-dwelling species. Mountain vipers of the genus Montivipera are among the paramount examples of Mediterranean neo-endemism, with restricted ranges in the mountains of Anatolia, the Levant, Caucasus, Alborz, and Zagros. Here we explore the phylogenetic and ecological diversification of Montivipera to reconstruct its ecological niche evolution and biogeographic history. Using 177 sequences of three mitochondrial genes, a dated molecular phylogeny of mountain vipers was reconstructed. Based on 320 occurrence points within the entire range of the genus and six climatic variables, ecological niches were modelled and used to infer ancestral niche occupancy. In addition, the biogeographic history and ancestral states of the species were reconstructed across climate gradients. Results Dated phylogenetic reconstruction revealed that the ancestor of mountain vipers split into two major clades at around 12.18 Mya followed by multiple vicariance events due to rapid orogeny. Montivipera colonised coastal regions from a mountain-dwelling ancestor. We detected a highly complex ecological niche evolution of mountain vipers to temperature seasonality, a variable that also showed a strong phylogenetic signal and high contribution in niche occupation. Conclusion Raising mountain belts in the Eastern Mediterranean region and subsequent remarkable changes in temperature seasonality have led to the formation of important centres of diversification and endemism in this biodiversity hotspot. High rates of niche conservatism, low genetic diversity, and segregation of ranges into the endemic distribution negatively influenced the adaptive capacity of mountain vipers. We suggest that these species should be considered as evolutionary significant units and priority species for conservation in Mediterranean mountain ecosystems.
Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0329810
Number of the records: 1