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Metal recovery from incineration bottom ash: State-of-the-art and recent developments.

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    0522733 - ÚCHP 2021 RIV NL eng J - Journal Article
    Šyc, Michal - Simon, F.G. - Hykš, J. - Braga, D. - Biganzoli, L. - Costa, G. - Funari, V. - Grosso, M.
    Metal recovery from incineration bottom ash: State-of-the-art and recent developments.
    Journal of Hazardous Materials. Roč. 393, JUL 5 (2020), č. článku 122433. ISSN 0304-3894. E-ISSN 1873-3336
    R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LTC17051; GA MŠk(CZ) EF16_026/0008413
    EU Projects: Foundation for Science and Technology(XE) CA15115
    Institutional support: RVO:67985858
    Keywords : bottom ash * metal recovery * waste-to-energy
    OECD category: Environmental sciences (social aspects to be 5.7)
    Impact factor: 10.588, year: 2020
    Method of publishing: Open access

    Municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) is one of the leading technologies for municipal solid waste (MSW) treatment in Europe. Incineration bottom ash (IBA) is the main solid residue from MSWI, and its annual European production is about 20 million tons. The composition of IBA depends on the composition of the incinerated waste. Therefore, it may contain significant amounts of ferrous and non-ferrous (NFe) metals as well as glass that can be recovered. Technologies for NFe metals recovery have emerged in IBA treatment since the 1990s and became common practice in many developed countries. Although the principles and used apparatus are nearly the same in all treatment trains, the differences in technological approaches to recovery of valuable components from IBA – with a special focus on NFe metals recovery – are summarized in this paper.
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