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Mechanical Contact Spectroscopy: Characterizing Nanoscale Adhesive Contacts via Thermal Forces

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    0508143 - ÚPT 2020 RIV US eng J - Journal Article
    Jonáš, Alexandr - Kochanczyk, M.D. - Ramirez, A.D. - Speidel, M. - Florin, E. L.
    Mechanical Contact Spectroscopy: Characterizing Nanoscale Adhesive Contacts via Thermal Forces.
    Langmuir. Roč. 35, č. 17 (2019), s. 5809-5820. ISSN 0743-7463
    Institutional support: RVO:68081731
    Keywords : model porous-media * colloid detachment * surface-roughness
    Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers
    OBOR OECD: Fluids and plasma physics (including surface physics)
    Impact factor: 3.557, year: 2019
    https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.langmuir.8b04074

    The adhesion of micro- and nanoparticles to solid substrates immersed in liquids is a problem of great scientific and technological importance. However, the quantitative characterization of such nanoscale adhesive contacts without rupturing them still presents a major experimental challenge. In this article, we introduce mechanical contact spectroscopy (MCS), an experimental technique for the nondestructive probing of particle adhesion in liquid environments. With MCS, the strength of adhesive contacts is inferred from residual position fluctuations of adherent particles excited by thermal forces. In particular, the strength of adhesion is correlated with the standard deviation of the particle lateral position x, with smaller position standard deviations xi = root <Delta x(2)> indicating higher adhesive strength. For a given combination of particles, substrate, and immersion medium, the adhesion is characterized by the mechanical contact spectrum, which is a histogram of xi values obtained from tracking an ensemble of adherent particles. Because the energy of thermal excitation at room temperature is very small in comparison to the typical total energy of adhesive contacts, the studied contacts remain in equilibrium during the measurement. Using MCS, we study the adhesion of micrometer-sized particles to planar solid substrates under a wide range of environmental conditions, including liquid immersion media of varying ionic strength and adhesion substrates with different chemical functionality of their surfaces. These experiments provide evidence that MCS is capable of reproducibly detecting minute changes in the particle-substrate work of adhesion while at the same time covering the range of adhesive contact strength relevant in the context of surface chemistry, biology, and microfabrication.
    Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0299129
     
Number of the records: 1