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Multiphase progenetic development shaped the brain of flying archosaurs

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    0507559 - FGÚ 2020 RIV GB eng J - Journal Article
    Beyrand, V. - Voeten, D. F. A. E. - Bureš, S. - Fernandez, V. - Janáček, Jiří - Jirák, D. - Rauhut, O. - Tafforeau, P.
    Multiphase progenetic development shaped the brain of flying archosaurs.
    Scientific Reports. Roč. 9, Jul 25 (2019), č. článku 10807. ISSN 2045-2322. E-ISSN 2045-2322
    R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP302/12/1207
    Institutional support: RVO:67985823
    Keywords : Archosauria * brain shape * flight adaptation
    Subject RIV: EA - Cell Biology
    OBOR OECD: Biology (theoretical, mathematical, thermal, cryobiology, biological rhythm), Evolutionary biology
    Impact factor: 3.998, year: 2019
    Method of publishing: Open access
    https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46959-2

    The growing availability of virtual cranial endocasts of extinct and extant vertebrates has fueled the quest for endocranial characters that discriminate between phylogenetic groups and resolve their neural significances. We used geometric morphometrics to compare a phylogenetically and ecologically comprehensive data set of archosaurian endocasts along the deep evolutionary history of modern birds and found that this lineage experienced progressive elevation of encephalisation through several chapters of increased endocranial doming that we demonstrate to result from progenetic developments. Elevated encephalisation associated with progressive size reduction within Maniraptoriformes was secondarily exapted for flight by stem avialans. Within Mesozoic Avialae, endocranial doming increased in at least some Ornithurae, yet remained relatively modest in early Neornithes. During the Paleogene, volant non-neoavian birds retained ancestral levels of endocast doming where a broad neoavian niche diversification experienced heterochronic brain shape radiation, as did non-volant Palaeognathae. We infer comparable developments underlying the establishment of pterosaurian brain shapes.
    Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0298540

     
     
Number of the records: 1