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Late Glacial erosion and pedogenesis dynamics: Evidence from high-resolution lacustrine archives and paleosols in south Bohemia (Czech Republic)

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    0480522 - GLÚ 2018 RIV NL eng J - Journal Article
    Hošek, J. - Pokorný, P. - Prach, J. - Lisá, Lenka - Matys Grygar, Tomáš - Knésl, I. - Trubač, J.
    Late Glacial erosion and pedogenesis dynamics: Evidence from high-resolution lacustrine archives and paleosols in south Bohemia (Czech Republic).
    Catena. Roč. 150, March 2017 (2017), s. 261-278. ISSN 0341-8162. E-ISSN 1872-6887
    Institutional support: RVO:67985831 ; RVO:61388980
    Keywords : Late Pleistocene * landscape evolution * climate * lake geochemistry * soil micromorphology * podzolization
    OECD category: Climatic research; Geology (UACH-T)
    Impact factor: 3.256, year: 2017

    Sediments from three paleolakes and two paleosol horizons in south Bohemia, Czech Republic, provide evidence of climate change and landscape evolution in central-eastern Europe on millennial to centennial thhescales over the Late Glacial (similar to 16-11.5 ky). Based on a combination of geochemical, sedimentological and geophysical proxy indicators, along with the pollen record and soil micromorphology, we propose a relationship between vegetation cover, soil development, and erosional processes. Four major and two minor environmental stages, identified in all investigated paleo-lakes, were broadly correlated with the Late Glacial climatostratigraphy. Short-term (decadal to centennial) climatic deteriorations between the Bolling and Allerod, and within the Allerod, have been correlated with the Older Dryas and the Infra-Allerod Cold Period (IACP) respectively. B horizons of two (gleyic) podzols discovered under aeolian sand dunes in the lake catchments were dated to the Allerod interstadial and were parallelized with Usselo soils - pedostratigraphical marker horizons of west-and northern-central Europe. The upper parts of these soils have signs of colluvial processes. According to the radiocarbon dating, the erosion occurred at 13,155 150 cal. yr BP and can be associated with the IACP event, which is marked by a significant input of allogenic material into the lake basins. We attribute the significant increase in the iron and consequent phosphorus content in the lake sediments during the Allerod to the podzolization that occurred with the humid interstadial conditions.
    Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0276295

     
     
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