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Rare Earth Elements in Human and Environmental Health: At the Crossroad Between Toxicity and Safety

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    0478437 - MBÚ 2018 RIV SG eng M - Monography Chapter
    Goecke, Franz - Goecke, H.
    Rare Earth Elements as Phosphate Binders: From Kidneys to Lakes.
    Rare Earth Elements in Human and Environmental Health: At the Crossroad Between Toxicity and Safety. Singapore: Pan Stanford Publishing, 2017 - (Pagano, G.), s. 195-217. ISBN 978-981-4745-00-0
    R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LO1416
    Institutional support: RVO:61388971
    Keywords : Phosphorus * Phosphate Binders * rare earth elements
    Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology
    OECD category: Microbiology

    Phosphorus (P), the 11th most common element on earth, together with hydrogen, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon, is the basis for all life on our planet. Biochemically, P participates in key genetic, metabolic, and constitutive reactions and processes that are essential for sustaining all organisms, from bacteria to humans [2, 15]. In contrast to these essential elements, another group of minerals, the rare earth elements (REEs), is not essential for life, nevertheless, these elements have important roles to play in health and the environment. They are much less abundant than the essential elements and do not participate in biological reactions [6, but see 18, 42]. However, like P, they are regarded as critical economic resources (Fig. 9.1). Over the last few years, new applications directly involving P and REEs have been proposed and marketed, and these will be discussed in this chapter.
    Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0274556

     
     
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