Počet záznamů: 1  

Prominent role of volcanism in Common Era climate variability and human history

  1. 1.
    SYSNO ASEP0538592
    Druh ASEPJ - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Zařazení RIVJ - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Poddruh JČlánek ve WOS
    NázevProminent role of volcanism in Common Era climate variability and human history
    Tvůrce(i) Büntgen, Ulf (UEK-B) RID, ORCID, SAI
    Arseneault, D. (CA)
    Boucher, E. (CA)
    Churakova (Sidorova), O. (RU)
    Gennaretti, F. (FR)
    Crivellaro, A. (IT)
    Hughes, M. K. (US)
    Kirdyanov, A. V. (RU)
    Kippel, L. (RU)
    Krusic, P. J. (SE)
    Linderholm, H. W. (SE)
    Ljungqvist, F. C. (SE)
    Ludescher, J. (DE)
    McCormick, M. (US)
    Myglan, V. S. (RU)
    Nicolussi, K. (AT)
    Piermattei, A. (GB)
    Oppenheimer, C. (GB)
    Reinig, F. (CH)
    Sigl, M. (US)
    Vaganov, E. A. (RU)
    Esper, J. (DE)
    Celkový počet autorů22
    Číslo článku125757
    Zdroj.dok.Dendrochronologia. - : Elsevier - ISSN 1125-7865
    Roč. 64, DEC (2020)
    Poč.str.11 s.
    Jazyk dok.eng - angličtina
    Země vyd.IT - Itálie
    Klíč. slovasummer temperature-variations ; tree-ring density ; northern-hemisphere ; 2 millennia ; reconstructions ; sensitivity ; divergence ; persistence ; extremes ; eruption ; Climate reconstruction ; Dendroclimatology ; Human history ; Northern Hemisphere ; Tree-ring width ; Volcanic eruptions
    Vědní obor RIVDG - Vědy o atmosféře, meteorologie
    Obor OECDPhysical geography
    CEPEF16_019/0000797 GA MŠk - Ministerstvo školství, mládeže a tělovýchovy
    Způsob publikováníOpen access
    Institucionální podporaUEK-B - RVO:86652079
    UT WOS000596530500008
    EID SCOPUS85091773142
    AnotaceClimate reconstructions for the Common Era are compromised by the paucity of annually-resolved and absolutely-dated proxy records prior to medieval times. Where reconstructions are based on combinations of different climate archive types (of varying spatiotemporal resolution, dating uncertainty, record length and predictive skill), it is challenging to estimate past amplitude ranges, disentangle the relative roles of natural and anthropogenic forcing, or probe deeper interrelationships between climate variability and human history. Here, we compile and analyse updated versions of all the existing summer temperature sensitive tree-ring width chronologies from the Northern Hemisphere that span the entire Common Era. We apply a novel ensemble approach to reconstruct extra-tropical summer temperatures from 1 to 2010 CE, and calculate uncertainties at continental to hemispheric scales. Peak warming in the 280s, 990s and 1020s, when volcanic forcing was low, was comparable to modern conditions until 2010 CE. The lowest June-August temperature anomaly in 536 not only marks the beginning of the coldest decade, but also defines the onset of the Late Antique Little Ice Age (LALIA). While prolonged warmth during Roman and medieval times roughly coincides with the tendency towards societal prosperity across much of the North Atlantic/European sector and East Asia, major episodes of volcanically-forced summer cooling often presaged widespread famines, plague outbreaks and political upheavals. Our study reveals a larger amplitude of spatially synchronized summer temperature variation during the first millennium of the Common Era than previously recognised.
    PracovištěÚstav výzkumu globální změny
    KontaktNikola Audesová, audesova.n@czechglobe.cz, Tel.: 511 192 268
    Rok sběru2021
    Elektronická adresahttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1125786520300965?via%3Dihub
Počet záznamů: 1  

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