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Hypertension after the Menopause: What Can We Learn from Experimental Studies?

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    0574955 - FGÚ 2024 RIV CZ eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
    Piťha, J. - Vaněčková, Ivana - Zicha, Josef
    Hypertension after the Menopause: What Can We Learn from Experimental Studies?
    Physiological Research. Roč. 72, Suppl.2 (2023), s. 91-112. ISSN 0862-8408. E-ISSN 1802-9973
    Grant CEP: GA MŠk(CZ) LX22NPO5104
    Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985823
    Klíčová slova: hypertension * sex differences * menopause * ovariectomy * timing of treatment * experimental models
    Obor OECD: Cardiac and Cardiovascular systems
    Impakt faktor: 2.1, rok: 2022
    Způsob publikování: Open access
    https://www.biomed.cas.cz/physiolres/pdf/2023/72_S91.pdf

    Hypertension is the most prevalent cardiovascular disease of the adult population and is closely associated with serious cardiovascular events. The burden of hypertension with respect to vascular and other organ damage is greater in women. These sex differences are not fully understood. The unique feature in women is their transition to menopause accompanied by profound hormonal changes that affect the vasculature that are also associated with changes of blood pressure. Results from studies of hormone replacement therapy and its effects on the cardiovascular system are controversial, and the timing of treatment after menopause seems to be important. Therefore, revealing potential sex-and sex hormone-dependent pathophysiological mechanisms of hypertension in experimental studies could provide valuable information for better treatment of hypertension and vascular impairment, especially in postmenopausal women. The experimental rat models subjected to ovariectomy mimicking menopause could be useful tools for studying the mechanisms of blood pressure regulation after menopause and during subsequent therapy.
    Trvalý link: https://hdl.handle.net/11104/0344879

     
     
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