Počet záznamů: 1
Omega-3 phospholipids and obesity-associated NAFLD: Potential mechanisms and therapeutic perspectives
- 1.0555820 - FGÚ 2023 RIV US eng J - Článek v odborném periodiku
Mitrović, Marko - Sistilli, Gabriella - Horáková, Olga - Rossmeisl, Martin
Omega-3 phospholipids and obesity-associated NAFLD: Potential mechanisms and therapeutic perspectives.
European Journal of Clinical Investigation. Roč. 52, č. 3 (2022), č. článku e13650. ISSN 0014-2972. E-ISSN 1365-2362
Grant CEP: GA ČR(CZ) GA17-11027S
GRANT EU: European Commission(XE) 722619 - Foie Gras
Institucionální podpora: RVO:67985823
Klíčová slova: krill oil * marine phospholipids * n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids * non-alcoholic fatty liver disease * obesity
Obor OECD: Endocrinology and metabolism (including diabetes, hormones)
Impakt faktor: 4.686, rok: 2020
Způsob publikování: Open access
Prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) increases in line with obesity and type 2 diabetes, and there is no approved drug therapy. Polyunsaturated fatty acids of n-3 series (omega-3) are known for their hypolipidaemic and anti-inflammatory effects. Existing clinical trials suggest varying effectiveness of triacylglycerol- or ethyl ester-bound omega-3 in the treatment of NAFLD, without affecting advanced stages such as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Preclinical studies suggest that the lipid class used to supplement omega-3 may determine the extent and nature of their effects on metabolism. Phospholipids of marine origin represent an alternative source of omega-3. The aim of this review is to summarise the available evidence on the use of omega-3 phospholipids, primarily in obesity-related NAFLD, and to outline perspectives of their use in the prevention/treatment of NAFLD. A PubMed literature search was conducted in May 2021. In total, 1088 articles were identified, but based on selection criteria, 38 original papers were included in the review. Selected articles describing the potential mechanisms of action of omega-3 phospholipids have also been included. Preclinical evidence clearly indicates that omega-3 phospholipids have strong antisteatotic effects in the liver, which are stronger compared to omega-3 administered as triacylglycerols. Multiple mechanisms are likely involved in the overall antisteatotic effects, involving not only the liver but also adipose tissue and the gut. Robust preclinical evidence for strong antisteatotic effects of omega-3 phospholipids in the liver should be confirmed in clinical trials. Further research is needed on the possible effects of omega-3 phospholipids on advanced NAFLD.
Trvalý link: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0330273
Počet záznamů: 1